Author Guidelines

A manuscript must have                                                                  (Download Manuscript Template)

  • a title (not more than 13 words)
  • an abstract (not more than 300 words)
  • an introduction (in which literature is reviewed and discussed)
  • a methodology section
  • findings
  • conclusions
  • discussions
  • references
  • appendices (if any)

All sources that are cited or consulted in the preparation of your paper must be fully identified and arranged alphabetically on a separate page placed at the end of your paper. This page is titled as References.


Citation and referencing samples

Citation and referencing samples

PLEASE NOTE that all of the citations and referencing must be in the format of APA Manual 6th Edition.

Citation: One author

According to Dromi (1987) a growing body of research ...


A growing body of research is emerging on palliative care (Dromi, 1987).


Dromi, E. (1987). Early lexical development. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Citation: Two authors

Manias and Jerkins (1993) observed during interviews that patients responded……


It was observed during the interview that patients responded well to drug therapy (Manias & Jerkins, 1993).


Manias, R. K., & Jerkins, M. H. (1993). Cognitive development in children. Ankara: METU Press

 Citation: Multiple authors:

Gagliano, Zielke, Wagner and Kerr (2009) documented that ...


Elevators today can lift more than average 20 people (Gagliano, Zielke, Wagner & Kerr, 2009).


Gagliano, A., Zielke, A. L., Wagner, E., & Kerr, D. J. (2009). How to build an elevator. Chicago, IL: Construction Press.

Six and more authors.

Herth et al. (2004) stated that…..


Narrative interviews were conducted over two weeks (Benzein et al., 2001).


  • In text, use the following parenthetical citation each time a work with multiple (three or more) authors is cited: (Brown et al., 1989).

Edited book 
Moses, D. D., & Goldie, T. (Eds.). (1992). An anthology of Canadian  Native literature in English. Don Mills, ON: Oxford University Press.

Book, specific edition 
Rosenthal, R. (1987). Procedures for social research (Rev. ed.). Newbury Park, CA: Sage.

Book, corporate author, government agency or author as publisher 
American Psychiatric Association. (1986). Twiddling your thumbs: Its underlying causes and its long-term effects. Washington, DC: Author.

Book, no author or editor 
Merriam-Webster’s collegiate dictionary. (10th ed.). (1993). Springfield, MA: Merriam-Webster.

Story, article, chapter, or poem in a book 
Frost, Robert. (1979). Departmental. In William Harmon (Ed.), Oxford book of American light verse (pp. 280-281). New York: Oxford University Press.

Pamphlet or brochure, corporate author 
Just Say No Foundation. (1992). Saving our youth. (9th ed.) [Brochure]. Washington, DC: Author.

Encyclopedia article (author not identified) 
Calculus. (1994). In The world book encyclopedia (volume 3, pp. 21-25). Toronto: World Book.

Magazine article 
Wood, C. (1999, December 20). The vanishing border. Maclean’s, 20-23.

Journal article 
Miller, J. (1995). Trick or treat? The autobiography of the question. The English Quarterly, 27 (3), 22-26.

Article in a daily newspaper (author cited) 
Jaimet, K. (2001, March 26). Environment Canada can’t enforce own Laws. The Star Phoenix, p. A1.

CD-ROM encyclopedia article 
Charlottetown Conference. (1999). The Canadian encyclopedia world Edition 2000. [Computer Software]. Toronto: McClelland & Stewart.

Electronic copy of a journal or newspaper article retrieved from a database 
Kent, A. (2003, April 21). Chaos in war's wake: Iraq desperately needs law, order and aid. Maclean's, 28-30. Retrieved May 9, 2003, from Infotrac database.

On-line encyclopedia article 
Horsman, R. War of 1812. (2001). World book online Retrieved March 27, 2001, from

Stand-alone Internet document, no author identified, no date 
Natural diet - survey results. (n.d.). Retrieved May 9, 2003, from

Internet, professional site 
Rigby, Dr. K. (2002, December 15). Bullying in schools and what to do about it. Retrieved May 12, 2003, from

  • When an Internet document comprises multiple pages (i.e., different sections have different URLs), provide a URL that links to the home (or entry) page for the document.

Films and Videotapes 
Weir, P.B. (Producer), & Harrison, B.F. (Director). (1996). Levels of consciousness [Videotape]. Boston, MA: Filmways.

Television and Radio Programs 
Keillor, G. (Producer), & Smith, L. (Director). (1998, October 2). A prairie home companion [Radio Program]. St. Louis, MO: KMOX.

Single episode from a television series 
Hall, B. (Writer), & Bender, J. (Director). (1991). The rules of the game [Television series episode]. In J. Sander (Producer), I’ll fly away. New York: New York Broadcasting Company.

Recording by artist who is also writer 
McLachlan, S. (1997). Building a mystery. On Surfacing [CD].  Vancouver: Nettwerk Productions.

Simons, R. (2001, June). Genetically modified foods. Lecture presented at the University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SK.

Personal Communication (e.g., letter, e-mail, interview, telephone conversation) 
Personal communications are not recoverable data. They are not included on the reference list. Cite personal  communications in text only: B. Baker (personal communication, March 2, 2000) (B. Baker, personal communication, March 2, 2000).

Recording by artist other than writer 
Hirsch, F. & Rose, W. (no date). A blossom fell. [Recorded by D. Krall]. On All for you [CD]. New York: GRP Records. (1996).

  • In text citations, include side and band or track numbers:
    "A blossom fell" (Hirsch, F. & Rose, W., 1996, track 11).

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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  1. The manuscript has not been previously published. It has not been under consideration elsewhere and will not be submitted elsewhere for consideration before the evaluation process in JCLAD is completed.
  2. I/We, author and all co-authors, hereby declare that the manuscript is an outcome of an original research and I/we abide with the ethical rules that are required for this research.
  3. Where available, URLs for the references have been provided. 
  4. The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  5. The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.
  6. If submitting to a peer-reviewed section of the journal, the instructions in Ensuring a Blind Review have been followed; all the names, affiliation and any remark which would reveal the identity of the author(s) have been deleted from the manuscript.
  7. The submission file is in Open Office or Microsoft Word file format.